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Features polis ideology.

27 июнь 2018, Среда
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The Roman community at the beginning of the republican period was one of the policies of the Apennine peninsula. Polis (in Latin civitas) is, as a rule, a small slave state with a single city - the center of political and cultural life. The city was usually surrounded by defensive walls and represented a fortress - a refuge of neighboring residents during the days of military dangers. Citizens of the community were only local natives who owned land. Aliens and strangers, and even more so slaves had no right to own land and therefore were not citizens. The citizens had to serve in the militia, take part in the people's assemblies. The executive power was corrected by elected "undergraduates".

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   The collective of citizens decided political affairs in public assemblies and defended the borders of their small state, gathering in the militia. The citizen did not have the pressure of bureaucracy; the state machine itself did not appear to him as something alien and terrible. The citizen, along with his slaves, worked on his lot, voted in the people's congress and elected magistrates, with arms in hand defended his hometown from enemies.

     A citizen of a polis community was characterized by a sense of freedom, a conscious choice of their actions. If it was necessary to go on a campaign, the citizen knew that this was not a whim of an official, but a severe need to fight the enemy; if the people's assembly decided to tax citizens with a tax, then it was caused by necessity, and not by the arbitrary rule of the government. The main actions and measures were presented to the citizen of the city-state as understandable, real. In addition, these measures were taken at the people's assembly, in which the citizen himself participated. Such an order gave rise to a sense of freedom, dignity, self-reliance, a calm, realistic view of life and existing relationships. Since all political and military issues were resolved collectively in the people's congregation or in the militia, it formed a sense of collectivism, of the civil community, and hampered the development of individualism. A separate person, her thoughts and interests dissolved in the civic community.

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