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The Soviet-Afghan war

27 июнь 2018, Среда
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I Introduction to the Afghan problem.

II Origins of the crisis.

III The goals and plans of the USSR in the war.

IV "Soviet Vietnam."

V The reaction of the world community to the introduction of Soviet troops into Afghanistan.

VI Changes in the US foreign policy after
December 1979.

VII UN and the situation around Afghanistan.

VIII International legal regulation of the crisis.

IX The situation in Afghanistan after withdrawal
Soviet troops.

X List of used literature.

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Introduction to the Afghan problem. Despite the fact that the world's attention increasingly turned to other regional armed conflicts Afghan problem still remains one of the most challenging in the world. The conflicts in the former Yugoslavia, Iraq, the ethnic clashes in the former USSR, in comparison with which the war in Afghanistan is less interest - due to the fact that they originated in the European continent, or due to the fact that soon they settlement is very interested in the US, other leading powers or even the whole world as a whole. After all, for example, the position of the former Soviet Union largely depends on the stability on a global scale - no wonder after the recent events at the IX Congress of the Americans offered us more than 1.5 billion dollars to stabilize the situation, and they do not give out money for nothing.!
However, with a deeper examination, the Afghan problem affects the interests not only of the inhabitants of this country, but also of Russia and all countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States and, possibly, the whole world as a whole. Until this crisis is resolved, the CIS, apparently, will not be able to completely isolate itself from Afghanistan - and this is not so simple as it seems. Problem. The situation around Afghanistan for the member states of the Commonwealth is basically reduced to three points. Firstly, a large number of Turkmens, Uzbeks and Tajiks live on the territory of this country, which disturbs the former Central Asian republics of the USSR. Secondly, this is the problem of prisoners of war. The leaders of the Afghan opposition have repeatedly stated that the problem of prisoners of war will be resolved immediately and only after the USSR stops supplying weapons to Kabul. But, naturally, these obligations were not fulfilled, since, while continuing to detain prisoners of war, the mujahideen will continue to have leverage over the Commonwealth countries, especially in the allocation of funds for the restoration of the economy destroyed by the Soviet-Afghan war. Claims of Afghanistan to reimburse the successors of the USSR to the losses of war are another sore spot in Russian-Afghan relations. In response to numerous statements of this kind, the Russian leadership adopted a statement of November 15, 1992, which specifically states that Russia will participate in the restoration of the destroyed economy of Afghanistan, that the supply of peaceful goods will not cease and that Russia will in every way help the long-suffering the Afghan people with humanitarian assistance and other possible means. *)
All this, of course, speaks about the importance and urgency of the Afghan problem now and, at least, in the near future. But choosing the Soviet-Afghan war as the topic for my essay, I was guided not only by these considerations, but in many ways, and even mainly by the desire to look at this war as part of the historical past, even if it is not so distant. The course of the history of international relations, within which I wrote this essay, and the literature I used (Western journals), completely determined the nature of my work, to which I tried to give at least some degree of originality. An important place in it should be the assessment of the situation that has developed as a result of this conflict in the international arena, and from the point of view of the West, which I in many respects, if not in almost everything, I share. The historical and modern aspects in which I wanted to present my work, however, do not exclude each other - after all, from any lesson in history, and especially such a bloody one, you can, if desired, draw very useful conclusions. The main thing is that such a desire arose among those who are now shooting at each other in Afghanistan and other "hot spots of the planet."

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