Concept and scientific foundations
Any crime is committed in the conditions of reality and inevitably in the environment where this or that crime is committed, various traces (mappings) are formed by virtue of the universal property of matter as a reflection property. And when solving crimes, it is often necessary to determine, by traces or other mappings, the connection of a person, object (hacking tool) or other object with the event under investigation.
For example, in the city of Cheboksary from a private house theft of personal property was committed. Upon receipt of the report on the crime committed, the task force immediately left for the scene: the investigator, the criminal investigative officer, the criminalist, the dog handler, the district police inspector.
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When inspecting the scene of the incident, there were found: on the door there were traces of a burglary weapon, on the box there were traces of hands, near the front door there was a key that did not belong to the apartment owners.
A canine expert with the local police inspector followed the trail of the criminal and came to the same house, which was 800 meters from the scene of the crime.
The key found at the scene approached the lock from the door of the house. During a search in the house, they removed from the MP and a number of things from other places of the committed thefts, and removed the burglary tools - crowbar-nail-catcher.
Subsequently, the conducted examinations found that the fingerprints taken from the scene were left to the suspect and the traces of the burglary tool found on the door were left behind by a crowbar, removed from the suspect.
In the example above, the identification (identification) of the person, the subject with the event being investigated is carried out.
The term "identification" comes from the Latin word "identificare" - identical, the same and means the establishment of the identity of an object (person, things, phenomena, etc.).
Identify, identify - this means a method of comparative research to establish whether a particular object is not the desired one.
Forensic identification is the process of establishing a single specific object on its various mappings from a variety of other objects similar to it in order to investigate and prevent crimes.
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